Southern Xinjiang Folklore Tour

    • Tour Code : XJS13D
    • Duration : 13 Day
  • The vast area between the Tianshan Mountains and the Kunlun Mountains is southern Xinjiang . The Southern and central routes of the Silk Road run across it . There also lies the second largest shifting desert in the world, Taklimakan Desert , since the Han and Tang dynasties , many people from European and Asian countries has travelled past the places between Rome and Chang’an-present day Xi’an , it was a big window for China to peep at the European and Asian culture and a big market for commodity trade .

Price includes :
***Vehicles arrangement for different size of groups :
***
5 seated private car for 2 persons,
***
 All hotel accommodations with breakfast,
***
All entrance fees for sightseeing including pleasure boat ride, shuttle bus,golf car,and family visiting,
***
Meal standard arrangement for FIT/Groups
***
Excellent English speaking national guide throughout the journey,
***
Two bottles of local mineral water per day per person,
P
rice excludes :
***
Airfare between Kashgar and Urumqi,
***
The tip for tour guide and driver,
***
The charges for riding horses in grassland,
***
Any additional expanse not mentioned above, 

Day 01 : Fly to Urumqi
Itinerary
Assemble at your homeward airport , board your international airlines wide-cabin Jetliner fly to Urumqi – the capital city of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, meet after arrival and transfer to the local restaurant for Welcome dinner .
Cities
  • Urumqi

    Urumqi

Meals
Dinner
Hotel
Urumqi Mirage Grand Hotel or similar(★★★★★)
Day 02 : Urumqi to Heavenly Lake to Urumqi
Itinerary
Out this morning to sightseeing Tianshan Mountains , and take a boat ride on its Heavenly Lake, lunch at downhill restaurant,
Tianshan Mountain Heavenly Lake, Called “ Divine Pool ” in ancient time, located in the territory of Fukang County, covering an area of 4.9 square km, it includes such tourist attractions as the Stone Gate, the Dragon Pool, Three Rocks topping the Sky, The Magic Needle, and the suspended Springs and Waterfalls . Shore is carpeted by verdant grass at the back of dense forest . Nearby is another scenic spot called “ Queen Mother’s foot Washbasin ” and East Lesser Lake .
Xinjiang Regional Museum ( including its mummies hall ) : There are more than 50.000 pieces of cultural relics which reflecting the history, culture and customs of various nationalities of Xinjiang are on display in the Museum.The museum reflects strong Xinjiang characters, especially its mummies hall worth visiting .
Red Hill Park :Located in the center of the city, the Hongshan ( Red Mountains ) is built around the Red Mountains, The simple of Urumqi , Rising 910 meters, the Red Mountains is composed of purplish red sandstone, during dawn or dusk, the body of mountain will shine red, hence the name, The viewing Pavilion is the best place for panorama of Urumqi .
Erdaoqiao International Grand Bazaar : Located in down town and its construction with rich and colorful national style, just like a market which selling all kinds of art-craft products and local product including dried fruits, copper kettles, silk scarf, carpet, Jade and etc .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Urumqi Mirage Grand Hotel or similar(★★★★★)
Day 03 : Urumqi to Turpan
Itinerary
Breakfast in the hotel, we leave Urumqi for Turpan by crossing Tianshan Mountains, Turpan is the lowest point in China and the second lowest on Earth (after the Dead Sea) at 154 meters below sea level for its Aiding Kul lake . It is very dry and sometimes very hot, well into the 40'sC. The local people have
developed Karez Well, an irrigation system composed of wells connected by underground channels, to counter the heat and drought of the place . No place in China is hotter than Flaming Mountain in Turpan . Turpan is also famous for their grapes, grown primarily for raisins but also wine . Uygur are the biggest ethnic group in the area (70%), followed by Han Chinese .
On the way we will stop at Windmill station for a short break, and excursion to the largest wind power station in Asia
Our today’s sightseeing includes a visit to : Jiaohe Ancient City Ruins : The present remains of the ancient city are the capital of Jiaohe Prefecture in the Qu's Gaochang Kingdom and the key protected historical relics of this country. The defense of the city is not the walls but the steep cliffs around it, which are about 30m. In height with only two exits respectively in the east and south. At the end of the street (about 350 m.in length and 10 m.in width) in the city stands a great temple, in which there are a deep well and a big hall with two platforms in front of it .
Emin Minaret (Sugongta) : Was built in 1778 in memory of Emin Hoja, the Head of Turpan Prefecture. It is also called the Sugong Minaret, for it was built by Sulaimangong’s son of Emin Hoja . The minaret is 37m. in height and 10m in diameter at the bottom. Inside the minaret are 72 spiral steps leading to its top. The minaret adjoins a mosque, which can hold about 1,000 people. With the history of more than 200 years, it is the largest extant old tower in Xinjiang and the only Islamic tower among the hundred famous towers in China .
Karez Wells : A 2,000-year-old system that delivers water from nearby snow capped mountains to Turpan basin and its agricultural fields, and regarded as one of three largest man made projects in China. Karez Well System (Kan Er Jing), a very delicate irrigation systems made up of vertical wells, underground canals, above-ground canals and small reservoirs which initiated about 2000 years ago during the Han Dynasty. The Karez well system was the main source of water supply supporting the daily lives of the Turpan citizens .
This evening we will enjoy a dinner show with a large scale of national dance and singing performance .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Turpan Huozhou Grand Hotel or similar(★★★★)
Day 04 : Turpan to Korla
Itinerary
Our morning’s sightseeing in Turpan includes a visit to : The Gaochang Ancient City (Karakho) : The largest of the ancient city sites and capital of the Uygur kingdom that flourished from the 7th-14th centuries, before being destroyed during the Mongol invasions . Being 40 km from the Turpan city, the ancient city of Gaochang is situated to the east of it and the key protected historic relics of this country. The foundation of the Gaochang city was laid in the 1st century B.C. It was built by the Western Han Dynasty and fell into disrepair in the early Ming Dynasty. It existed for a long period of 1500 years, was the communication hub and an important door of Western Region .
The Astana Underground Tombs : The graveyard for the city of Gaochang, and view three tomb excavations . The tombs contain many funeral objects, including money, wooden figures, household utensils and paintings, even foods are well preserved because of the arid climate. The interred bodies soon became desiccated after burial, with most of the dead becoming mummified, though they still appear vivid and alive .
The Bezekirlik Buddhist Caves : Which, although having lost many images and murals, remain fascinating for their distinctive style and design. There are altogether 77 grottoes in the west cliffs, being in good order and side by side, and magnificent. Now in more than 40 grottoes there are murals, amounting to over 1,200 sq.m. Among these grottoes the early ones were cut in about the 6th century. The murals in the grottoes are plentiful and look splendid . Most of the murals are of the Huihes painted since the middle of the 9th century.The most typical mural here is “Buddha Is Teaching the Buddhist Scriptures”, the founder of Buddhism standing in the center of it . On some of the murals painted at the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries, stories of “Changes in the west” are painted .
Flaming Mountains : Despite the high temperature of 61 degrees Celsius, shown on the giant thermometer, many tourists were attracted to the sweltering, on the northern edge of the Turpan Basin, Flaming Mountains shine magnificently at sunrise and sunset for this red sandstone hills .
Grape Valley : The Grape Valley is located in the flaming mountains, northeast of Turpan city. From ancient times, here has been well known for cultivation of the sweet and tasted grapes. Setting yourselves under the grape trellis overgrown with green leaves, you will catch sight of green pearl-like grapes bunches after bunches. As you enjoy eating such refreshing honey fruit juice, you will relieve yourselves from heat .
After lunch , we leave Turpan for Korla by crossing Tianshan Mountains , Korla , the largest petrolem city in Xinjiang , also well-known for producing the Korla Pears After dinner we can walk around and enjoy to the night view of Peacock River ( the only river flowing into Lop Nur )
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Korla Licheng Garden Hotel or similar(★★★★)
Day 05 : Korla to Kuqa
Itinerary
Bosten Lake ( taking pleasure boat touring small Lotus Lake ), located in Yanji Basin, Bosten Lake is divided into two sections, the Greater lake and the lesser lake , It covers an area of 1228 sq km and is China’s biggest inland fresh water lake , it is both the end of Kaidu River and the source of the Peacock River which flowing into Lop Nur .
Iron Gate , the ancient pass connecting north and south Xinjiang seven kilometres to the north , this Silk Road gateway , wedged between the mountains and the river , guarded the only ancient route connecting northern and southern Xinjiang , All that remains from the destruction wrought by the cultural Revolution is a pile of bricks . There are plans to rebuilt the huge iron gate .
Afternoon drive to Kuqa .
Located at the foot of southern Tianshan Mountains, Kuqa used to be the capital of the ancient Western Region’s Qiuci Kingdom, and was also an important town on the Silk Road, a city of rich cultural heritage and ethnic features .
Subashi City ancient Ruins , the extensive ruins of this ancient capital of the kingdom of Qiuci lie 20 kilomertres north of Kuqa , they are divided by the Kuqa River , which in flood cuts off access to the northern section . The city dates from the fourth century and includes towers , halls, monasteries ,dagobas , and houses . The ruins of the large Zhaoguli Temple date from the fifth century .
A recently excavated tomb revealed a corpse with a square skull , confirming Xuan Zang’s claim that in Qiuci , “the children born of common parents have their heads flattened by the pressure of a wooden board” , the city was abandoned or destroyed in the 12th century .
Kuqa Grand Mosque , located in the north of the old city , is the second largest mosque in Xinjiang , second only to the Id-Kah mosque in size , It’s said that it was built when Yishak Wali came from Kashi to Kuqa to deliver sermons in the 16th century . In 1931 it was destroyed in a fire and was rebuilt with the fund provided by the chief Ahung Ailimuaji . The mosque is composed of worship halls , small mosques arched gateway , the moon-watching tower , the religious court and dormitories .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Kuqa Grand Hotel VIP wing or similar(★★★★★)
Day 06 : Kuqa to Kirzil Buddha Grottoes to Aksu
Itinerary
Kirzil Thousand Buddha Caves , it is one of four greatest Buddhist grottoes in China , the construction of Kizil Caves began around 3rd century , it was in its prime from the 5th to 8th century , there are 236 extant caves , among which 135 are relatively intact , including 80 extant murals . the grottoes are divided into two kinds , one for monk’s housing and sitting in meditation , the other for the monks to worship Buddha and study Buddhism , what has the greatest artistic value in the Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves is the mural of over 10.000 sq metres , the contents are mostly about Jataka storys , many murals also show images of ploughing , hunting , dancing , and business activities along the ancient silk road , which reflect the features of the the Qiuci culture and customs.
Ancient Beacon Tower (The Kizilgaha Earthen Tower) , The tower is the important cultural site
protected by the Autonomous Region . On this site , the story goes , was built an alarm tower for the frontier guards of the Han Dynasty . And so it is called “The Kizilgaha Alarm Tower”. Fiftenn meters high , with a watch cabin on top and the remains of the wooden fence , the tower is the oldest and the best-preserved alarm tower on the north route of the ancient Silk Road .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Aksu Hongfujinlan Hotel or similar(★★★★★)
Day 07 : Aksu to Taklimakan Desert to Khotan
Itinerary
The City of Khotan (Hetian), once known as Yutian, is the southern most city in Xinjiang . To the north of this city is the Taklimakan Desert with the Kunlun Mountains range to the south . Since ancient time this city has been producing jade, carpet and silk .
Breakfast in hotel , we start to drive to Khotan along the Desert Highway by crossing the Taklimakan Desert , it has a length of 1000 km from the east to the west and a width of 400 km from the north to the South . It covers an area of 33.76 thousand square km. And is the largest desert in China and the second largest shifting deserting in the world. The dune here covers large area and the height of falling and rising is between 100 meters .The hinterland of desert is boundless like sea . You can experience the endless desert landscape and see some gas fields , the longest desert highway in Asia built for transport gas out , the road protected by grid hay , the method introduced from Israel .
At the edge of the Taklimakan Desert and both banks of the Tarim River erect high diversform-leaved poplars in various shapes . They own the fame living for one thousand years, standing for one thousand years and non-perishing for one thousand years by representing indomitable life and tenacious guardian in defying sandstorm,drought and scorching heat. In late Autumn, the poplars are cloaked in gold, appearing impressive as a bright horizon in the ancient desolate land .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
KhotanXihuyindu Hotel or similar(★★★★★)
Day 08 : Khotan
Itinerary
Breakfast in the hotel , morning visiting in Khotan : Entering a textile factory, a carpet factory or a jade market you will witness the bustling exchange of traders . The Khotan is the most important city for Jade production in Xinjiang . According to ancient legends, during Tang Dynasty, a princess was married to a man in Khontan she brought with her the spinning and weaving techniques from Central Plain, which have developed gradually over time. The most attractive carpets in the market are based on the design with over 2,700 years history, they have bright colors and unsophisticated designs .
The Yurungkash River has the highest output of jade that is known as Khotan or Kunlun Jade. Since the Han Dynasty this Khotan Jade has been regarded as precious . The carving of Dayus’ Taming Water, which is on display in the Imperial Palace in Beijing was created from a 500 kilogram piece of Khota jade .
The Ruins of Yuetgan , 10 kilometers to the west lays the ruins of Yuetgan that are buried 3 to 6 meters under the earth, the cultural artifacts uncovered at site include animal bones, and piece of earthenware that were found in irrigation channels filled with spring water .
The Ancient City of Malikawat , is located 25 kilometers to the south of Khotan, according to the legend this is the capital of the Yetian Kingdom. The site has many historical remains including over 100 large mounds and foundation stones that might be the ruins of the Royal Palace . The remains of civilian residences in the downtown square remind us of how old these civilization are .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
KhotanXihuyindu Hotel or similar(★★★★★)
Day 09 : Khotan to Yarkand to Kashgar
Itinerary
Kashgar is a city with a long history and a colorful past . Known as the Shule Region during the Han Dynasty, one the four big towns in Anxi During the Tang Dynasty and as one of the great moslem cities of Western Region during the Ming Dynasty . Kashgar stands on a junction of the Silk Road between the north and south parts of the region is is a famous destination for visitors, from both home and abroad, with her great quantity of cultural artifacts and historic sites . There is a old saying in Xinjiang “ It is a shame to leave Xinjiang without visiting Kashgar ” .
This morning we head for Kashgar via a few oasis towns, Yenjisar, Yarkand and Karagilik through a dusty wasteland interspersed with dunes, groups of camels, mountain ranges to the south, and sudden patches of willows and greenery marking irrigated settlements . We have a chance to visit : Amannisahan Tomb, built for Amannisahan, the wife of a sixteenth-century khan, is a beautiful white and blue tiled affair , she is also the most influential contributor to Muqam music . The adjacent cemetery contains the mausoleum of several of Yarkand’s former rulers, including her husband, and is also crowded with more ordinary cylindrical Muslim tombs and truly ancient trees .
Sunday would be the best time to visit Yarkand, when a huge rustic market along the same lines as the more famous one in Kashgar is held in the main bazaar behind the fort .
Yengisar County Small Knife Factory, a few craftsmen still ply their old skills, inlaying handles with horn or silver alloy. Some of the more decorative knives take nearly a fortnight to forge . If you want genuine handmade Yengisar knife, this is definitely the place to come . From there it’s a mere 70 KM or so to Kashgar .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Kashgar Qinibakh International Hotel or similar(★★★★★)
Day 10 : Kashigar to Pamire Plateau to Taxkorgan
Itinerary
This morning you will drive to Taxkorgan county along the China–Pakistan Highway . The highway is called the Pamir Road . The Pamir Plateau is converging place of the Tianshan Mountains, the Kunlun Mountains, the Karakoram Mountains, and the Hindukush Mountains, and is also the converging point of the southern and the central routes of the Ancient Silk Road as well as the terminal of the ancient Silk Road in China. The Tajik and Kirgiz people living on the plateau of generations attract visitors from outside with their straightforward characters, rich and unique customs and embroidery works with ethnic features .
Lake Karakul : “Black Lake” in Kirgiz language, before reaching Taxkorgan, we will see this charming mountain lake. At an altitude of 3,600 m, it is the highest lake of the Pamir plateau, Surrounded by mountains which remain snow-covered throughout the year, the three highest peaks visible from the lake are the Muztagh Ata (7,546 m), Kongur Tagh (7,649 m) and Kongur Tiube (7,530 m) . The lake is popular among travelers for its beautiful scenery and the clarity of its reflection in the water, whose color ranges from a dark green to azure and light blue. There are some Kirgiz settlements along the shore of Karakul lake .
The Stone City : Located several hundred meters north of Taxkorgan City . The city wall was built with rocks laid on huge stone top . The city is square-shaped . though the perimeter is less than 1.500 meters, it is strategically located and access is difficult . In the Han Dynasty, it used to be a city of the Puli Kingdom, one of the 36 kingdoms in the Western Region, the city was built by several dynasties. The Stone City we see today is the ruins of the Qing Dynasty, the walls, gates, and battlements are preserved fairly well, the famous monk Xuan Zang on his pilgrimage for Buddhist scriptures and the Italian traveler, Macro Polo, both left their steps here .
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Taxkorgan Pamir Crown Holiday Hotel or similar(★★★★)
Day 11 : Taxkorgan to Karakoram highway to Kashigar
Itinerary
Taxkorgan means “ the stone city ”. The new city was built beside the Stone City at 3.000 meters of elevation . It is a seat of the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County . The white houses in the small city appear especially quiet and simple, the residents are mostly the Tajik people, their life reflects the rich plateau ethnic spirit of the Tajik people .
Tajik Folklore Gallery and its villages : The Tajik people living for a long time on the Pamir Plateau are called “ the residents of the roof of the world ”, The place not only serves as the gateway of Southern Xinjiang but also is a strategically important place in the west of China .They mostly live within the county town, if one wants to know about the local ethnic customs, it's better to go to the Tajik Township in the Suburbs, the villages there receive them .
Makmut Kashggaria Mausoleum : On our way back to Kashgar, we will visit Makmut Kashggaria Mausoleum . It is located in the Wupaer township of Shufu County, the mausoleum is simple and unadorned . shut in the green trees . Makmut Kashggaria, born into a noble family in Halakhanate, was a famous a Uygur scholar and linguist in the 11th century. He traveled all central Asian countries in his life, conducted extensive investigation of languages and wrote in 1076 in Baghdad an encyclopedia dictionary. The Turkic Lexicon in Abrabian, the great work of very high academic value for studying the language, literature and music in ancient times of all ethnic group speaking Turkish in Xinjiang and in the central Asian regions. It is also an encyclopedia for studying history, geography, products and folk customs in Xinjiang . Afternoon we drive back to Kashgar , dinner in local muslim restaurant.
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Kashgar Qinibakh International Hotel or similar(★★★★)
Day 12 : Kashgar to Urumqi
Itinerary
Breakfast in the hotel , Our today’s trip will reach the highlight in Kashigar , the rich tableaux of historic influences that make this old city so unique :
The Mausoleum of Abakhojia Family : Located about 5 kilometers of the city of Kashgar, it is also known as the the tomb of Fragrant Concubine. it is a typical mausoleum of Islamic sage descendant, its construction started in about 1640, it’s said that five generations of the same family, altogether 72 people, were buried in the mausoleum .
The cemetery is composed of mausoleum, the lecture hall, the big worship hall, the arched gateway, the pool and orchards . The exterior of the mausoleum is covered with green glazed tiles, the interior is tall and spacious . The tomb arranged on terrace are made of glazed bricks with blue patterns on a white background plain and neat .
Id–Kah Mosque : Covering area of 16800 sq meters and is the largest mosques in China . it faces the east and is located in the downtown square, before it was built there had been a cemetery . in 1442, the ruler of Kashigar, first built a mosque here to pray for the souls of his deceased relatives . in 1538, they expanded the mosque to commemorate his late uncle and converted it into a greater mosque for worshiping. later it underwent construction and expansion several times, resulting in its present scale and grandeur .
A handicraft street : Near the square of Id-Kah Mosque, there is a street lined with ethnic handicraft shops, also called “ a handicraft street ”, there are blacksmith and coppersmith shops and also shops selling gold and silver, musical instruments, embroidered skullcaps, knives, spice, and furniture with ethnic features. There are also typical local snacks and Uygur tea houses. It is an ideal place for visitors to shop there .
Grand Bazaar (Sunday Bazaar) : Today’s highlight of excursion in Kashgar is visiting Grand Bazaar, also called Sunday Grand Bazaar. Covering an area of about 100.000 sq km, the Great Bazaar is the largest trade market in Xinjiang and is called “a commodity exposition of the central Asia”. In the Great Bazaar, cloth, garments, silk, general merchandise, ethnic arts and crafts, leather shoes and wood timber are sold, there are more than 5.000 stands and food shops . The goods are in complete variety from donkeys, cattle and sheep to needles, threads, and buttons, having everything that one expects to find . because of calling “the Sunday Market”, especially on each Sunday, thousands of people get together in this market for business trading, farmers take their donkey carts from villages far away coming to this market, selling their boots, hats, textile and local products, and you can see some some traditional way for trading between locals, markets also including spice markets, carpets, copper kettles as well as the livestock ones .
Uygur family visiting : This afternoon, following lunch at the home of a Uighur family, walk through and ending up at the Old Town quarter with ric
Meals
Breakfast in hotel / Lunch / Dinner
Hotel
Urumqi Mirage Grand Hotel or similar(★★★★★)
Day 13 : Urumqi to Next Destination
Itinerary
After breakfast in your hotel, get ready for your luggage and personal belongings , off to the airport to board your flight flying Beijing or Shanhai , and go on connecting international flight back your sweet home with happy memories and till we meet again !
Meals
Breakfast in hotel
Hotel
Sweet home
Pricing
- AdultSingle Supple.
[ USD ] For group of 15ppl and more
(twin room sharing basis)
$1,640.00$550.00
For group less than 15ppl
2-5 (+$1840/P)
6-9 (+$560/p)
10-14 (+$180/p)
15 and up
Terms

Remark

Price includes :
***Domestic airfare from Kashgar to Urumqi,

***Vehicles arrangement for different size of groups :
*** All hotel accommodations with breakfast,
***All entrance fees for sightseeing including pleasure boat ride, shuttle bus,golf car,and family visiting,
***Meal standard arrangement for FIT/Groups
***Excellent English speaking national guide throughout the journey,
***Two bottles of local mineral water per day per person,

Price excludes :
***International and domestic a
irfare to Urumqi,
***The tip for tour guide and driver,
***The charges for riding horses in grassland,
***China visa
***Insurance

***Any additional expanse not mentioned above, 

Terms & Conditions

1. Valid for Canadian / USA / Australia passport / PR holder with English speaking tour guide service;
2. This is a shopping tour required to make several stops of one to two hours as outlined in the itinerary, but you aren't obligated to purchase. 
3. The tour fee excluded Optional tour Fee listed on the itinerary and Compulsory Tips.
4. The date of early arrival or extended stay guests without arrange free shuttle;
5. All the tour program including the attraction and hotels are subject to change;
6. The tour does not include additional costs when unforeseen or unavoidable circumstances or events arising. Unforeseen or unavoidable circumstances or events including private demand, flight delays / cancellations, the threat of war / potential threat of war, riot, civil strife, terrorism / actual terrorist activities, natural disasters, adverse weather conditions, etc. .
7. Please double confirm 24 hours prior to departure for your flights statues, the first night hotel and tour guide information to avoid any mistake.
10. Passenger who 70 years old or above we suggested have accompanied by relative travel together and is strongly recommended to purchase and other necessary medical and accident travel insurance;
11. In case of delayed or canceled flights and other causes of delays or changes , please contact your travel agent or the local emergency contacts as soon as possible, any tickets and transportation costs incurred loss, please be borne by the guests.
12. For any tours involving an altitude of 3000m and above, seniors and those who suffer from hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary diseases and other related health issues must decide on their own if their health is fit for the tours prior to booking. Once booked, we would assume that guests and families were aware of any associated risks. Should guests experience any health problems on the trip, guests and families need to bear all the responsibilities and costs.


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